CHAPTER 15 THE NATIONALITY POLICY IN THE USSR

Accepting “the full right of seperation from Russia of all nations and nationalities, oppressed by tsarism, joined and held by force within the borders of the state, i.e., annexed” (as it would cause the Tsarist Russia to collapse), he insisted that the goal of proletarian party was the establishment of the largest possible state and the “approachment” and “gradual merging” of nations, not through force but voluntarily. In his book “The Formation of the Soviet Union; Communism and Nationalism, 1917-1923 the American researcher Richard Pipes noted, “Soviet Russia became the first modern state to place the national principle at the base of its federal structure.”4

Among the republics Stalin practised his “autonomization”, including other territorial-autonomous structures of nations and nationalities in a republic. This policy resulted in the formation of a “federation within federation”. The nations appeared under a double and triple subordination. For example the Mountainous Karabakh Autonomous Region besides direct subordination to the Baku administrative and party structures, was also subordinate to the like structures of Moscow. While Karabakh was being attached to Azerbaijan, the will of the population was not considered, a population which ethnically and linguistically belong to the Indo-European family (the Tatars – to the Turkic family), are Christians (the Tatars belong to Shii Muslim faith), if the Armenian mentality was formed on Christian moral, cultural, spiritual values, the Azerbaijani developed under the influence of Islam and Oriental traditions. Establishing the structure with grades of authority from lowest to highest (hierarchy), placing one nation under another’s authority Lenin and Stalin disregarded the history and the social relations of the nations. The “extraterritorial” theory of the “nations’ father” Stalin was a destructive power, which originated not from his personality but from the nationality policy of the new Bolshevik state, which ignored, violated not only the rights of the repressed nations, but also those who had obtained political and ethnical hegemony over the others as one day they would become a target of hatred and their country; an arena of civil wars.

The inhumane decisions of the Bolshevik leaders humiliated the Armenian, Tajik, Ukranian, Lezgi and other nations. The passed laws and the taken measures violated not only the right of self-determination, but the elementary human rights and were in contrast to democracy. The effort directed primarily against British imperialism brought Lenin into a series of alliances with the murderers of Anatolia – the Kemalist Turks, thus encouraging them to massacre the Armenian population, seize 4/5th of their national territory, including Kars, Surmalu, Ardahan, Kazvin, Olti provinces…, carve up Nakhichevan and Mountainous Karabakh, as well as Javakhk, leaving the official Armenian state a population of 700 thousand people, while in the neighbouring Azerbaijani and Georgian Armenian territories one and a half million Armenians inhabited. Armenia was sacrified on the altar of Lenin’s and Stalin’s “international revolution”,5 which had become their only master and ruler. The Bolsheviks used all the means available to realize their dream of international revolution. The Persian government too, appeared prepared to distance itself from the British imperialists and open negotiations with the “liberator” Soviets. As to the Turks they understood very well that through the Soviet Russia and declaring themselves “the revolutionary nation of the East” they could fulfil their goal, which as the Turkish general Khalil Pasha told the Armenian leaders explicitly in September 1918, was;

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