CHAPTER 15 THE NATIONALITY POLICY IN THE USSR

“We want to re-establish our links with our former territory, Turan, and for this purpose, we need a passage connecting our two countries, unhampered by foreign jurisdiction.”6

By “foreign jurisdiction” the Pasha meant the Armenian territory.

Some Turkish historians believe the proper name “Turan” to be connected with the Turks. This is a completely false and invented theory. By “Great Turan” the Turks mean the Turkic world, stretching all the way from the Pacific Ocean to Mediterreanian Sea and Scandinavia. The fact is that according to mythological and ecclesiastical sources, the founder of the royal inheritance of Kian; King Freidun devided his domain among his three sons; Salm, Turi and Iraj. The tenth century historian Tarabi represents the name of Salm as “Sarm”. The three lands were named after their masters; Sarman, Turan and Iran. The land of “Sarm” is menthioned as “Sairim” in Avesta. The inhabitants of that land were known as “Sarmats”. The Sarmats were a nation of Aryian origin and Aryan language and inhabited the close lying territories of the Danub river. It has been proved by the scholars that all the geographical names and forenames of the Turan country are Aryian too. I.M. Diakonov regards eastern Iran or the Asian country of Saks as Turan. The term “tur”, deriving from Sanskrit, means “brave”. It has the meaning of “mad”, “wild” in some Kurdish dialects. The German researcher Markwartt considers the Turanians as a nation of Iranian family. The river Amuctarya is mentioned to be flowing between the two lands of Iran and Turan. Thus during the existence of the Turan country no Turkish nation or Turkish language existed.

Stalin’s “autonomization” was an evil might, deciding the future of the nations. Anomalous enclaves of ethnic minorities were set up in Mountainous Karabakh, an autonomous region in Azerbaijan, where over three quarters of the population was Armenian, in Abkhazia, which from December 13, 1922 to 1931 (until Stalin’s wish to grant it to Georgia) formed a part of the Transcaucasional Federation. In the same way the southern part of Ossetia was given to Georgia and the eastern – to Russian Federation. The Lezgi land was carved up too: one part to Daghestan Autonomous Republic, entering the Russian Federation, and the other part – to Azerbaijan. The Avarians too had the same fate, the Belakan-Zakatala regions being attached to Azarbaijan, the northern regions – to Azerbaijan. The Asian republics too were established on the basis of this principle. A vast territory with the ancient Bukhara centre was seized from Tajikistan and attached to Uzbekistan. On October 23, 1924 the Kirgizian part of Turkestan was attached to the Kirgiz Autonomous Republic, forming a part of Russian Federation. The Karakalpak Autonomous Region in its turn formed a part of Turkeministan Autonomous Republic, which was attached to Kazakhstan SSR in 1925 and to Russian federation in 1930. Two years later the region was turned into an Autonomous Republic. The Crimean region was taken from Russia and given to Ukraine. On November 17, 1964 the USSR the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Council “regarding the requests of the population of some regions” made a decision to hand a district of Smolensk Region over to Belorussia. The provision “d” of Article 14th of the USSR Constitution provided this decision with a base.7 The Kirov and Pakhto-Aralian regions, a part of Chemkend region, a still larger part of Kizil Ordinsk region were given to Uzbekistan. Belorussia gave Litva an area of 2 thousand square kilometres. All these decisions were made in the ruling circles. The territorialization of ethnicity resulted in migrations and deportations. The Chechens, Ingushes, Crimean Tatars, Armenians, the Transcaucasian Germans appeared in Siberia. Soviet authorities promoted an idea fixed to territory, and mixing the nations they hoped to establish a unitary system, from which no one could be released. Even if allowed to seperate, the nations couldn’t do that leaving a part of the nation inside the unitary state.

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