CHAPTER 16 THE KARABAKH PROBLEM AS A RESULT OF THE PAN-TURKIC POLICY OF THE BAKU AUTHORITIES

The orientalist historian Klod Mudafian wrote that the Baku historians were trying to invent an “Azeri past” by appropiating the Caucasian Albanians just as the Turks of Ankara appropiating the “Hittits” in order to forge an “Anatolian past”. Of course, they also consider as their own the Roman, Byzantine, Greek, Armenian, Kurdish cultures, reaching even to the times of Babel. The policy of theirs may be called “a cultural massacre”.

The main task of the Baku pan-Turkic policy was to get rid of it wounds of Armenians of Karabakh and Nakhichevan. To achieve this aim the Baku historians were charged with the task of proving that all the ancient and medieval monuments of the regions were not Armenian. It may seem that it would be impossible to carry out such a task, because the monuments told in Armenian letters about the Armenian clergy and nobility. There was not even one Muslim monument on the whole of Karabakh territory as well as in the mountainous Utik, the Shushi Persian mosques being an exception. The mosques had been built in the first quarter of the twentieth century. If it was possible to destroy the Armenian monuments in Utik and in Kurdish regions, then it was impossible vandalize them in Karabakh, in the presence of a majority of Armenian population. Led by Zia Buniatov the Baku scientists set up a campaign against the Armenian monuments, trying to represent them as “Albanian”. On the other hand the Baku authorities were trying to persuade the Armenians that they were Albanians too. They took the view that the Azerbaijani people, “Protoazerbaijanis”, were preceded by the Caucasian ethnic group of Albanians, an ethnos whose eastern parts had become Islamic (the Azerbaijanis) and western parts Christian (Armenians). Allegedly this Christian substatum was ethnically “Azerbaijani”.

If anything hinders the way of Turkicizing, the Baku historians immediately turn to the Iranian culture. Declaring the monument Persian, they say that it is the same as “Azerbaijan” at the same time pointing to the Turkish origin of Azerbaijan. Research works of this level have flooded the whole of Europe and America, the Muslim World. Collecting the old hand-made Armenian carpets, the Azerbaijani scientists opened the “Museum of Azerbaijani Carpets” in Baku, unable to notice the Christian signs on them.

Seing no way to “Albanize” the medieval Armenian Dadivank Monastery, they declared it as Georgian on the grounds that the Armenian Prince Ivane Zakarian had adopted the Georgian faith and the monastery was situated in the domain of the latter’s sister Dop. The fact that Dop belonged to the Armenian Apostolic Church and that the monastery was built a century earlier than Dop’s reign, did not interest the Azerbaijani scholars.

Backed by the Communist leaders of the USSR, the Baku authorities and the historians, led by Heidar Aliev, exercised historical falsification in great extent. Adopting the pan-Turkic policy of uniting the “Northern and Southern Azerbaijans”, aiming at seizing the Azarbaijan district from Iran, the Soviet leaders conducted a pro-Azerbaijani policy, winning the favour of Narimanov, Baghirov, Aliev. When, in the times of Mir-Jafar Baghirov, the Soviet troops entered Iran, the Communists immediately established “the Republic of Southern Azerbaijan” in Tabriz, which was to be joined with the Eastern Caucasian section later.

This dream of Baku and Kremlin was not destined to come true, as the Iranian nation was conscious enough not sense to fall into the trap, set for them by Kremlin, Baku and some traitors among themselves, who were soon driven out of their country.

At the beginning of 1977 some Armenians fled to Iran from Karabakh. They revealed the truth about Karabakh, describing the hard life of their compatriots at the hands of both Bolsheviks and the Turkish-Azerbaijanis. In 1936 the new Soviet Constitution dissolved the Federation of Transcaucasia and separated the three republics, without changing the frontiers. The result was to make Karabakh even more dependent in Baku. The timid attempts of the Armenian First Party Secretary A. Khanjian to discuss the problem of Karabakh, was possibly one of the reasons for his assissination in 1936. His successor Grigor Harutiunov was courageous enough to apply to Stalin to settle the problem. His letter read;

“All-Union Communist Party Central Committee

To Comrade Stalin

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