1. Caroline Cox and John Eibner “Ethnic Cleansing in Process”.

Institute for Religious Minorities in the Islamic World, Zurich, London,

Washington, 1993.

2. A. Sakharov “Memorandum to the General Secretary of the Central

Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR – L. Brezhnev”, March, 1971,


3. Yuri Barseghov “The Right to Self-Determination, the Basis of Democratic

Solution of Inter-ethnic Conflicts”, Yer., 1989, p.12, (further Barseghov)

Ibid., p.13.

4. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. History, Phylosophy, Law, Baku, N4


5. Text: United Nations, 1978, Vol.4. p.138.

6. Academy of Sciences of the USSR…

7. Yuri Barseghov, p.32.

8. Professor Dr. Otto Luchterhandt “Nagorny Karabakh’s Right to State

Independence According to International Law”, Boston, 1993, p.9 (further O.


9. Ibid., pp.11,12.

10. Blech Klaus “Die Prinzipienerkl Nrung der KSZE Schluakte”, Europa-archiv,

1976, p.257.

11.O. Luchterhardt, p.42.

12. Hermann Raschhofer “Das Selbstbestimmungsrecht”, p.16.

13. O. Luchterhardt, p.46.

14. Ibid, p.75.

19.1. Expert Opinions on the right of Self-Determination in the Case in


19.2. The Right of Self-Determination as not only a Political Principle but a Rule

of Existing International Law

19.3. Professor Otto Luchterhandt’s Study on International Law in the Case of

Nagorny Karabakh

19.4. Precedence of the Right of Secession in the Case of Nagorny Karabakh

based on Expert Reports and Documentary Materials of the International


Since the February 1988 outburst of the Karabakh antagonism till the end of his life in late 1989 the physicist human rights activist and Nobel Prize winner Andrei Sakharov concentrated his attention on the Karabakh issue. In November 1989 he wrote;

” For Azerbaijan the issue of Karabakh is a matter of ambition, for the Armenians of Karabakh it is a matter of life and death”.1

He believed that the principle of national self-determination was a part of human rights and tried to conduct exceptionally a humanitarian policy. Still in 1960-ies on the dawn of his political activity Andrei Sakharov wrote;

“Our country has declared the right of self-determination to the point of seperation…. But there are no guarantees for that right. The problem needs juridical working out and guarantees for secession, which would have great internal and external importance”.2

As a result of the struggle for the right of national self-determination, the USSR confirmed and signed several important international documents concerning that right. As the Soviet jurist, professor Yuri Barseghov writes;

“Inter-ethnic relations, the ethnical-territorial seperation in particular, as the international experience shows, is one of the most difficult problems to solve. The search for a peaceful, democratic and lawful decision as a basis of territorial exploitation and division, has urged the humanity to accept the necessity of the principle of self-determination”.3

On the long way to the right of self-determination, the mankind passed fierce antagonisms, violence and massacres, deportation and destruction, abolishment and suppression of “weak” races.

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