1.Aghassi “The Representatives of the Society “Samur” leave the Hall”.
“Svoboda”, Baku, N4, October 3, 1991, p.2.
2. “Sadval”, a newspaper in Lezgian and Russian, Makhachkala N9,
10 September 1991.
3. Gadjiev “Lezgis”, “Lezgistan”, magazine, in Russian, Makhachkala, 1991,
4. V. Grigorian “Forcible Assimilation of Muslim Minorities in Azerbaijan”,
Yer., 1992, p.5 (further Grigorian).
5. U. Kanberov, N. Kurevn “The River Samur Starts to Boil”, “Russkaia
Gazeta”, M., N201, September 10, 1992, p.2.
6. Ibid., p.2.
7. V. Grigorian, p.10.
8. “Iskander Kaziev – Who is He”, “Lezgistandin Khabarlar”, pp.4,5.
9. “Izvestia”, Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, N2, 1990, p.61.
10.Abdurakhman Daniyalov “Memoirs”, Makhachkala, 1991, pp.251-254,
as well “Material for Speculation”, “Rakii Gaf”, Kussar Region, village
Leger, 1991.
11. Leila Alieva “Political Leadership Strategies in Azerbaijan”, Graduate
Training and Research Program on Contemporary Caucasus, USA,vol1,
issue 1, p.14
12.”Azadlig”, Baku, June 21, 1991, as well “The Declaration of the Talish
Group of National Revival”.
13. Edalet Takhirzade “Why We Mustn’t be Azerbaijanis”, “Azerbaijan”, an
Azerbaijani newspaper, Baku, September 26, 1991.
14. Ibid.
15. Zaman “A False History, False Again”, “Azerbaijan” Baku, August 17,
16.”The Letter of Academician Z. Buniatov”, “Elm”, newspaper, Baku,
August 17, 1990.
17.”We Have a Lot in Common”, “Yurddas”, A Russian newspaper, Baku
N39 October 9, 1991, p.1.
18.”Refused”, “Rakii Gaf”, newspaper, Kussar Region, village Leger, March
1992, N3-4, p.1.
19.”Resolution” adopted in the meeting of June 4, 1992, “Rakii Gaf, village
Leger, May 5, 1992.
20.G. Gusseinov “Meetings of Protest”, “Sadval”, a Russian newspaper N6,
1992, Makhachkala, p2.
21.Askef Askeroghli “Second Front Reality or Dream?” “Aidnligh”, a
newspaper in Azerbaijan, Baku, February 21, 1992.
22.”Caucasian Calendar on 1871″ Tiflis, 1871, p.53.
23. SMOMK, volume XX, 1894, pp. 22,23.
24.”The Message of the Society of Research on Azerbaijan”, Baku, 1926,
N1, p.27.
25.G. Mamedov “Why do Some Talishes Refuse to be Talish or the Process
of Turkicization in Azerbaijan and its Tragic Results”, “Talishstan”,
newspaper in Russian, Lenkoran N1, 1991, as well “Lezgistangin
Khabarlar”, N3, 1993, pp.2,3.
26. Ibid.
27. “Nature Study and Geography”, magazine N3, 1903.
28.”The Hot Summer Project in Action”, “Azatamart”, Yer., August 31,
1993, p.8.
29. V. Grigorian, p.27.
30. G. Guliev “Peoples of Caucasus”, volume 2, Moscow, 1962, p.186.
(further Guliev).
31. V. Grigorian, p.32.
32. “The Number and Form of the USSR Population”, M., 1984,
33. “Great Soviet Encyclopedia”, v.53, M., 1946, p.669.
34. Ibid., v.30, 1937, p.506.
35. G.Guliev, p.181.
36. V. Grigorian, p.40.

One of the reasons of the Azerbaijani defeat lay in the existence of a great number of ethnic minorities in the country: Lezgi, Avar, Talish, Kurd, Tat whose representatives served in the Azerbaijani army. These ethnicities have their own ethnic problems to solve and were serving in the Azerbaijani army unwillingly. They had nothing against the Karabakh Armenians defending their own houses, villages and the land. These ethnicities were looking forward for uniting against the Baku authorities and liberating themselves from the Azerbaijani pressure. This fact was confirmed during the battle for Shushi when a group of Lezgi soldiers joined the Armenians and took part in the seizure of Shushi. The correspondant of the Russian TV E. Sakhinov interviewed them in a trench. They preferred to be unknown as were afraid that their relatives would be persecuted by the Azerbaijani authorities. They told how their ancient land had been carved up by the Baku authorities, how they were preparing to unite to fight against Baku. The next day the Central TV showed this interview, an Azerbaijani crowd gathered at the TV station Ostankino and as a sign of protest stoned the building. Probably these were those who had fled Azerbaijan and were being used as a “fifth power” by the Moscow based Azerbaijani nationalistic organizations. From this program the Lezgiz of Azerbaijan and Daghestan became aware of an active youth movement, trying to defend their national interests. The day of September 20, 1991 was a memorable day for the Lezgis. It was the day when in the south of Daghestan Soviet Socialist Republic, which is the most populous Lezgi region and a part of historical Motherland, in the cultural centre Kasumberd the Third Congress of the Lezgis opened. It was organized by the Lezgian “Sadval”(unity) society. As the Popular Front newspaper “Svoboda” wrote, the Congress adopted a “declaration on the Foundation of the Lezgian Republic”. The Congress made appeals to the governments of Azerbaijan and Daghestan. The physician Nariman Ramazanov from Derbent was elected Chairman of the Lezgi National Council. The newspaper added that “the Lezgiz and Azerbaijanis will be conscious enough not to allow the creation of a new hot bed of tension on our common territory”.1

Declaration about the Restoration of Statehood of Lezgi Nation

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