CHAPTER 26 THE REASONS OF AZERBAIJANI DEFEAT

“While President Elchibei is declaring that the rebellious leaders are being encouraged by Russia and must be punished as traitors, the Russian Foreign Minister A. Kozirev said that Azerbaijan could solve its problems only through cooperation with Russia and that it was high time for the Azerbaijani leaders to understand that Russia had given up the “policy of an Empire” and is ready to assist Azerbaijan.”

On July 9 in the Baku airport “Bina” to military columns solemny accepted H. Aliev arriving from Nakhichevan. A year ago these same columns had gone to pressure “the leader of the small country, who had exceeded his instructions.”

A. Elchibei declared a two-month state of emergency throughout the country, appointed 21 military commanders to oversee cities and districts. Tass said military patrols had appeared on the streets of Baku to enforce the emergency measures, including a curfew and ban on political activity by parties and movements. Elchibei also imposed restrictions on entry, exit and travel within the country, as well as censorship of all news reports. All those measures did not have much affect on the course of events.

Another reason for the Azerbaijani discordance and defeat in the front was the existence a suppressed ethnic minorities within its borders. The representatives of those nations, though being called “Azerbaijani”, preserved their ethnic names of Lezgi, Avar, Tsakhur, Kurd, Talish, Uti, Tat in the heart of hearts. If Iskender Hamidov originally belonged to a Turkish family (the dominant ethnicity), then R. Gaziev originated from Daghestan. The Lezgis and Avarians neither expressed a wish of fighting against the KarabakhArmenians, nor wanted to become an invalid or to die for that land. The reality even the Turkish or Tatar soldiers were not being influenced by the Baku propaganda. From the bottom of the heart they believed that the Armenians were the only masters of Karabakhand the story that they had migrated there later was a myth.

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