CHAPTER 4 THE KHACHEN PRINCIPALITY IN X-XIII CENTURIES

In 1003, when the masters of Parrisos died, Gagik Bagratuni immediately lay claims to their inheritance. The Gandzak Emir Patlun was the other claimant to the same inheritance. He wanted to strengthen his domains by maintaning that stronghold with its castles and flourishing cities. The short war between them resulted in an alliance, according to which Parrisos was carved up between the Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia at Ani and the Gandzak Emirate. Probably the highland Parrisos had a military significance for Armenia – to keep guard of the north-eastern borders. Sevada’s descendants continued to rule over their Parrisos domains till the second half of the eleventh century. The educational institutions were actively functioning in Parrisos. A certain cultural renaissance was taking place. The great Armenian philosopher and historian Hovhannes Philosopher (1045-1050) belonged to this land.

In 1919 a barbaric division appeared from the north of Vaspurakan. They terrorized everybody. They looked rough and ugly. The Armenian historiographer M. Urhaietsi called them “poisonous snakes”. The Orient had given birth to this monster, which soon would chastise millions of people with its scourge. They belonged to Central Asian steppes. This disaster was called Seljuk-Turks.

At the end of the tenth century groups of Ghuz tribe (Oghuz means bull, a totem sign) had begun to penetrate into the Iranian Samanid court and occupy high posts26. Seljuk was one of the Ghuz-Oghuz princes, the leader of one of its branches. He swept in from central Asia to the Islamic world and adopted Muhammadanism. When Ilak’s son Baghrkhan invaded the Samanid territory, they applied to Seljuk for help. Seljuk sent his son Arp Arslan to fight on their side. But the Samanids were defeated. The Karakhan Turks conquered a part of their domain. Seljuk’s relative Alp Tagin was made sparapet in Khorassan and set up his kingdom in Ghazni city. He was succeded by Muhmud, who subjected Khorassan and Khoresm.

Muhmud won a victory over Seljuk’s son Alp Arslan and settled fifty thousand Ghuzes in Khorasan. At the end of the tenth century the shepherd Oghuz-Turks penetrated deep in Iran and putting up their tents, settled in different parts of the country. At that time Vehsudan was the ruler of Atropateni, who was at enmity with the neighbouring Siunik, Artsakh and Gandzak. The Kurd Emir was glad to shelter the warmonger tribe in his country.From there they overran Armenia and other territories and ravaged the land27.

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37